By Kirschkamp A.
Organisations have to establish dangers and probabilities of environmental alterations for you to adapt to or most likely even to persuade them. Early caution which includes scaning and interpretation performs an enormous position during this strategy. while the conventional contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency concept assumes the extra impression of an individual's character on early caution.
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Extra resources for A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
See Taylor (1998). “[I]t must be admitted that [Weber’s] conceptualization in terms of ideal types ... presents many difficulties to the research worker. “ Pugh, Hickson, Hinings, MacDonald, Turner and Lupton (1963), p. 293f. See Staehle (1973), p. 30. For further also theoretically based critics of Weber’s theory see Bennis (1971), p. 436f. 184 The next researchers did not only examine the technical environment of the organization but also asked how organizational structure was depending on all relevant aspects of the organizational environment.
232 Their influence was studied in organizations such as GENERAL MOTORS 233 and GENERAL ELECTRIC 234 . Further on the influence of specific attitudes of managers on organizational design was studied. , characteristics that are relatively stable across time and situation. ” 236 They influence intentions and behavior itself. 237 This notion attitude comprises individual differences such as traits, beliefs and values. 238 For example, MILLER stresses the importance of managerial attitudes and considers them as an important contingency which together with the traditional contingency variables determine the organizational structure.
10ff. 1 AGUILAR’s Concept of Environmental Analysis 15 AGUILAR stressed the importance of analyzing the organizational environment already in 1967. 98 He was the first to introduce the concept of scanning to business literature. ” 100 Scanning enables organizations to understand changes101 and helps “identifying and understanding strategic threats and opportunities” 102 that have potentially larger impact for the company. AGUILAR identifies four ways of scanning: 1) undirected viewing, 2) conditioned viewing, 3) informal search and 4) formal search.
A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies by Kirschkamp A.