By Mira Ariel
Having access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents bargains a thorough shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a in simple terms pragmatic account to a cognitive account, when it comes to processing techniques. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The concept of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the the most important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the harmony among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an outstanding array of recent effects. the best distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is without delay estimated. a number of universals of anaphoric kin are acknowledged. therefore, even if no longer all languages inevitably have a similar markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the similar functionality, Ariel exhibits that all of them obey a similar Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This e-book can be obligatory analyzing for someone with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra mostly within the interplay among peripheral and vital cognitive structures.
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This is precisely what my data reveal, though I have limited the distinction among definite descriptions to those consisting of one to two content words, as opposed to those descriptions which were longer. 2) shows them to be quite similar. This is precisely as we should expect it to be. Once a certain level Accessibility M arker is significantly enriched, it should reach a lower degree of Accessibility. The explicit details provided by the long definite descriptions make them as good retrieval devices as the rather shorter full names.
Haaretz, 14 May 1985) Low Accessibility referring expressions b i ha + sofer ha +yehudi ha + mizrax-germani, The writer the Jewish the East-German, stefan haym. Stephan Heim. (The East-German Jewish writer, Stephan Heim . ) ii haym . . Heim . . iii . . sifro . . . his-book . . (Haaretz, 14 May 1985) A statistical examination of the same three texts mentioned above indicates clearly that proper names differ in degrees of Accessibility, such that full names are lowest, and first names are highest.
Thus, proper names are much more conven tionalized than definite descriptions. They are more conventional in the sense that the match between a name and a referent is arbitrary to a large extent, and its representing a specific referent is not dependent upon the thoughts or attitudes of the speaker or the addressee. It relies on a social practice which establishes that a certain referent is known by a certain name. Naming, claims Evans, produces an arbitrary distinguishing feature which considerably eases the process of referent identification.
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel