By Saartje Verbeke
The publication offers an outline of the alignment styles present in sleek Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract ends up in a balanced view at the suggestion of ergativity and evaluates its worth for typological linguistics. The booklet deals an in depth dialogue of earlier ways to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The publication is a radical synchronic research of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.
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Extra resources for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages
Traditionally, the nominative is considered the case of A and S and the case for quotation forms (Creissels 2009: 448). With regard to ergative constructions, the designation “absolute” or “absolutive” refers to the formally unmarked counterpart of the ergative case (Creissels 2009; Haspelmath 2009). The nominative and absolutive cases are both unmarked. The only apparent difference is that the nominative contrasts with the accusative in an accusative pattern, whereas the absolutive is in opposition to the ergative.
11 The view that the nominative is the case of a word’s “quotation (or, citation) form” has a long tradition in Western case theory, this view has been held since the Greek and Roman period of language studies (see Willems 1997: 183–186). Creissels (2009: 457) proposes to use the name “absolute” for the case of citation forms, in contrast with the “integrative” case for “syntactically licensed” cases. However, this terminology has thus far not been commonly used. 12 Although less explicitly addressed in the literature, the same distinction between a discriminatory and characterizing approach can be found regarding the case marking of ditransitive constructions.
In particular, a phenomenon called “markedness reversal” complicates the perspective related to referential hierarchies. The concept of “markedness reversal” has an immediate bearing on differential subject marking. 15 However, there is one exception that is often ignored in typological literature. , Willems 2000: 98). 16 This conclusion is largely based on evidence from Hindi-Urdu, which Klein and de Swart (2011) however slightly misrepresent (cf. Chapter 2). The authors adduce a better example from Kannada (Lidz 2006), but in this language, definiteness is split into specific/non-specific; thus it is unclear whether the semantic properties that interact (and that are subsequently ranked against each other) are restricted to animacy and definiteness, or whether a more fine-grained view of definiteness and animacy that incorporates specificity, humanness, and givenness should be developed.
Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke