By Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods
Darkish Earths are a testomony to vanished civilizations of the Amazon Basin, yet can also solution how huge societies may well maintain extensive agriculture in an atmosphere of infertile soils. This ebook examines their starting place, homes, and administration. Questions stay: have been they deliberately produced or a derivative of habitation. extra new and multidisciplinary views through major specialists could pave the way in which for the subsequent revolution in soil administration within the humid tropics.
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Extra info for Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management
Mampel González, & N. ), Lope de Aguirre, Crónicas: 1559 – 1561 (pp. 32 – 174). Barcelona: Editorial 7 ½, Ediciones de la Universidad de Barcelona. F. (1934). C. ), The Discovery of the Amazon According to the Account of Friar Gaspar de Carvajal and other documents, as published with an introduction by José Toribio Medina; translated from the Spanish by Bertram T. Lee (pp. 405 – 448). New York: American Geographical Society. Palmatary, H. C. (1960). The archaeology of the lower Tapajós Valley, Brazil.
On the other hand, there are numerous small ADE sites of only a hectare or so, which must have been created by just a few people (Smith, 1980). Historical villages in the interior mostly have 100 people or less; however there are reports of some of 3,000 or more (Denevan, 2003). Thus several lines of evidence suggest that in pre-European Amazônia cultivation was semi-permanent rather than frequently shifting. Such cultivation could well have created terra mulata, and, if so, then terra mulata soil wherever it now occurs may be indicative of former semi-permanent cultivation.
University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, vol. 41. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Nimuendajú, C. (1952). The Tapajó [1925, 1949]. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers, 6, 1-25. Ortiguera, T. (1981) Jornada del Marañon ). In E. Mampel González, & N. ), Lope de Aguirre, Crónicas: 1559 – 1561 (pp. 32 – 174). Barcelona: Editorial 7 ½, Ediciones de la Universidad de Barcelona. F. (1934). C. ), The Discovery of the Amazon According to the Account of Friar Gaspar de Carvajal and other documents, as published with an introduction by José Toribio Medina; translated from the Spanish by Bertram T.
Amazonian Dark Earths: Origin, Properties, Management by Johannes Lehmann, Dirse C. Kern, Bruno Glaser, William I. Woods